Dry eye syndrome is one of the most common eye conditions in the United States today. Millions of Americans are affected every year. The symptoms of dry eye syndrome can range from mild to severe, and patients find symptoms to be very frustrating at times. Here at Georgia Eye Associates, we are proud to offer multiple dry eye symptom treatment options.
Dry eye syndrome is caused by malfunctioning tear glands. This can mean that you are simply not creating enough tears to lubricate the eye, or that the tears are lacking one of their three components.
The tear film is made up of three layers:
The most common form is called evaporative dry eye. Evaporative dry eye occurs when the glands that are responsible for creating the lipid layer of the tear film are not working properly. The lack of a lipid layer causes the middle aqueous layer to evaporate quickly and not spread as evenly over the eye. When this happens, you will begin to experience the frustrating symptoms of dry eye syndrome.
One of the most common symptoms of dry eye syndrome is watery eyes. While this may seem odd, this is your eye producing more of the water layer as a protective measure against the dryness. Unfortunately, this does not help to solve the issue.
Other common symptoms of dry eye syndrome:
If you are experiencing these symptoms, your doctor will test you for dry eye syndrome. A thin strip of filter paper will be placed under the lower eyelid to measure tear production. This is called a Schirmer test. Your doctor will conduct further testing to confirm that there is a deficiency in the tear film. After confirming that you have dry eye syndrome, and the type of dry eye syndrome that you have, your doctor will be able to determine the best treatment for you.
There are many options for dry eye treatment, such as:
Your doctor will be able to determine which treatment is best for your individual eyes. If you have been experiencing dry eye symptoms and you're ready to do something about them, give us a call today!